This document proposes the definition of a Green City, an approach of how a Green City can be achieved, and a Green City Pressure-State-Response (PSR) framework. A Green City is a city that shows high environmental performance relative to established benchmarks, with the intent to maximise social and economic characteristics. A Green City approach involves actions that together form the process towards becoming a Green City. The city’s challenges are periodically identified, prioritised and addressed through different actions with the aim to improve the city’s environmental performance. This happens in the context of the Green City Pressure-State-Response (PSR) framework, which identifies human activities that exert pressures on the urban environment and how society responds to them. The Green City PSR then seeks to achieve a behavioural change through action linking the environmental, social and economic dimensions.
Overall, the document provides specific guidance the workings of the Green City Approach, the Green City PSR and how to apply these to a city in order to form this into a city Green Action Plan.
The Green City Approach and Framework has successfully been implemented in the Tirana Green City Action Plan. Hence, it might constitute a useful framework for other Mediterranean cities.