SUSTAINABLE URBAN DEVELOPMENT
SUSTAINABLE URBAN DEVELOPMENT
Starting in 2019 and with the objective of covering the period of 2020-2030, the Metropolis of Lyon (Lyon Métropole, also known as Grand Lyon) is collaborating with more than 130 partners to act more sustainably on a metropolitan scale through the Climate, Air and Energy Territorial Plan.
Tags: Greenhouse gas emissions, global warming, climate change, renewable energy.
Project type Sustainable urban development
Partners Metropolis of Lyon and 130 partners from the public sector, industries and energy producers, tertiary sector companies, research laboratories and associations
Beneficiaries Metropolis of Lyon
Start date 2019 (until 2030)
Greater Lyon’s commitment to the Climate and Energy theme commenced in 2005 through Agenda 21, that focused on the greenhouse effect. In 2007, Greater Lyon initiated the implementation of a Climate and Energy Plan for its territory.
The Energy Masterplan was launched in 2015 and is the core of the Climate, Air and Energy Territorial Plan. A revised projection was approved for Horizon 2030 at the 6th Energy Climate conference in autumn 2019.
The Climate, Air and Energy Territorial Plan includes 125 actions. It has been developed in a transversal way and is linked with other metropolitan public policies (housing, economic development, water and wastewater services, waste policy, transport and urban planning). For each action, the plan provides a technical pathway, an implementation deadline and an estimation of the budget.
The plan includes four main areas of action.
1) Housing and offices
The energy refurbishment of public and private housing reduces heating consumption. Landlords can benefit from support and financial aid from the Écoréno’v service. To support refurbishments in the social and private housing sector, Lyon Métropole approved a budget of € 30 million.
By 2030, 200,000 housing units will have been renovated in the metropolis, including 100,000 with the help of Écoréno’v.
The Métropole will also renovate its real estate assets including administrative buildings and schools. These investments will reduce the energy consumption of these buildings by 40%.
The climate plan also recommends providing training to residents and office employees that will make significant energy savings by changing their habits.
By 2030, the number of journeys by bicycle will multiply by four due to the development of cycle paths, Vélo’v, fundings for electric bicycles, etc.
Thanks to the construction of new infrastructure, more and more people are using public transport. In 2020 public transport represents 22% of all journeys.
3) Industry and agriculture
Industries, particularly the ones located in the so-called “Chemical Valley”, continue to optimise their processes and organisation to reduce energy consumption. The Lyon Eco-Energy platform supports small and medium-sized businesses in their energy transition.
Lyon Métropole has many levers for engaging industries in the energy transition: management of district heating or air conditioning networks, creation and maintenance of charging infrastructures for electric and hybrid vehicles, etc.
4) A greener city
With global warming, more trees are needed to cool the city. By planting the appropriate tree species, the Metropolis of Lyon creates islands of coolness. Lyon Métropole plans to plant 3,000 trees every year between 2020 and 2030.
The territorial air climate energy plan also takes into account future global warming. The Metropolis of Lyon and its partners will therefore engage in research to anticipate these changes and think about how to adapt the city for the future.
Since the first Climate Plan, adopted in 2012, the Métropole has implemented monitoring and evaluation methods in order to integrate them into the continuous improvement of its plan. Monitoring and evaluation of the Climate Plan is organised on three levels:
1) The monitoring dashboard lists the operational actions (~200) steered by representatives from the different departments of the Métropole. It is updated on an annual basis.
2) The “milestones” are comprehensive documents published every two years. They bring together the assessment of the framework actions of the climate plan, the actions of the Métropole and those of its partners.
3) The Cit’ergie program assesses the performance of Lyon Métropole from an external perspective. It gives the Métropole the opportunity to compare itself to the best European standards, on a 4-year cycle.
Today, the Lyon Métropole is recognised at a national level for its partnership approach in the development and monitoring of its Climate, Air and Energy Territorial Plan.
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